Stem cells are the basic building blocks of life. In their most basic form they are undifferentiated cells, that is, they are assigned no particular role in organ development.
What makes stem cells stand out in the body make-up is their versatility. From their undifferentiated state, they have the ability to develop into many different types of cells. These include blood cells, muscle cells and brain cells. They also have the capability to divide endlessly and are capable of self-renewal. They thus provide a virtually limitless supply and, from a medical standpoint, stem cells are invaluable in the process of healing as they serve as the body’s own repair system in case of disease or injury.
Medical research has increasingly turned the focus on curative and healing processes that the body itself supplies. Whereas most curative regimens have hitherto focused on external stimuli to treat disease, advances in the medical field have looked to the human body itself to supply the materials and mechanisms to treat any disorders that may beset it.
Stem cell therapy is used to treat various conditions including heart disease, kidney disorders and liver disease. Stem cells are additionally used to treat amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, autism, diabetes, infertility, orthopaedic and other sport-related injuries. Stem cells are also particularly effective when used in anti-aging therapies.